"Nagorno Karabakh" an example of Armenian aggression
Saida Mammadova

From a former Azeri resident of Nagorno Karabakh

Let me articulate my deepest dissatisfaction with regard to the interview conducted with the pseudo representative (Vardan Barseghian) of the non-existing republic (so-called `NKR`).  

Nagorno Karabakh does not fit to the notion of `independent nation/country` AT ANY STANDARD to be branded, let alone promoted internationally. Just skimming the historical realities related to this region of Azerbaijan you can find a classical example of a decades-long violence and aggression (towards indigenous Azeri nationals) committed by the hypocritical and atrocious terrorists who/or whose successors now comprise so-called `Nagorno Karabakh Republic`. 

Throughout the Middle Ages, Karabakh region was a constituent of different states existed on the territory of current Azerbaijan led by Turkic Muslim dynasties and inhabited by Turkic speaking people. The 18th century marked an establishment of the Karabakh Khanate, which was also ruled by the Turkic (Azerbaijani) dynasty of Djavanshirs. It was the Azerbaijani Khanate ruled by the hereditary dynastic tradition of Azerbaijani nobles, predominantly populated by ethnic Azerbaijanis.
 
 The Russian Empire brought its power to the Khanate after the Treaty of Kurakchay was signed (in 1805) between the Khan of Karabakh and the Russian Empire. After the conquest of the entire Caucasus region, the Russian Empire addressed different means to establish and strengthen its total control. Enforced change of the demographic situation in the region by massive resettlement of Armenians (from Persia and Ottoman Empire) in Karabakh was an extensive measure of such kind. After the Russo-Persian (1806-1813, 1826-1828) and Russo-Ottoman (1828-1829) wars the ethnic composition of the region significantly changed. For example, during the period of 1828-1830 more than 40,000 Armenians from Persia and 84,600 from Ottoman Empire were settled in Azerbaijan, with the Karabakh region sharing the biggest portion.
 
In 1828, by the order of the Russian Emperor, an Armenian Oblast was formed on the occupied Azeri territories (i.e. Irevan and Nakhchivan khanates) with the aim at creating a “buffer zone” against the Ottoman Empire as well as dividing Turkic world. During the years followed, being fueled by the strong back-up of the Russian Empire, Armenia continued its aggression towards Azerbaijan occupying the western and south western lands of the country.
 
Nearly a year after a Soviet regime was established in Azerbaijan, the Caucasian Bureau of the Communist Party of Russia had the following decree: “To keep Mountainous Karabakh within the Azerbaijan SSR and to grant it with a broad regional autonomy proceeding from the necessity to maintain peace between Moslems and Armenians, economic ties between Highland and Lowland Karabakh, its uninterrupted ties with Azerbaijan.`
 
Throughout the following decades, Armenia did not stop its offensive towards Azerbaijan accompanied by the massive deportation of the ethnic Azeris from this country in different years.
 
In 1991 Armenians declared the establishment of so-called `Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR)` in the territory of Mountainous Karabakh region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The illegal armed groups of about 15,000 people were formed as `self-defense forces of NKR`. Despite the ongoing negotiations between the presidents of the two countries, as well as declarations/resolutions issued by the international organizations requiring Armenians to stop violence and settle the problem peacefully, Armenians went on ethnic cleansing of Azeris and occupying the Azerbaijani regions even beyond the NK region. 
 
See the following UN resolutions: 
 
April 30, 1993 - Adoption of the UN Security Council resolution #822, demanding immediate withdrawal of all occupying forces from the Kelbadjar and other recently occupied areas of Azerbaijan;
 
July 29, 1993 - Adoption of the UN Security Council resolution #853, which demanded `the immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of occupying forces involved from the district of Agdam and other recently occupied districts of the Republic of Azerbaijan`;

October 14, 1993 - Adoption of the UN Security Council Resolution #874, which called for `immediate implementation of the reciprocal and urgent steps provided for in the CSCE Minsk Group`s Adjusted timetable, including the withdrawal of forces from recently occupied territories of the Republic of Azerbaijan`;

November 11, 1993 - Adoption of the UN Security Council Resolution #884, which condemned the occupation of Zangilan district and the Horadiz town, attacks on civilians and bombardments of the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan and demanded the unilateral withdrawal of occupying forces from the Zangilan district and Horadiz, and the withdrawal of occupying forces from other recently occupied areas of the Azerbaijani Republic;
 
RESULTS OF ARMENIAN AGGRESSION:
 
Occupied territories of Azerbaijan:
Nagorno-Karabakh region
Territory: 4 388 sq. km
Population (1989 Census): 189,085
Armenians: 145,450
Azerbaijanis: 40,688
Russians: 1922
Others: 1025
 
Shusha City
Territory: 289 sq. km
Population (1989 Census): 20,579
Armenians: 1377
Azerbaijanis: 19036
Occupied: May 8, 1992
 
Cities beyond Nagorno Karabakh region:
Lachin – occupied on May 18, 1992 – population of 71,000
Kelbajar – occupied on April 2, 1993 – population of 74,000
Aghdam – occupied on July 23, 1993 – population of 165,600
Fizuli – occupied on August 23, 1993 – population of 146,000
Jabrayil – occupied on August 26, 1993 – population of 66,000
Gubadli – occupied on August 31, 1993 – population of 37,900
Zangilan – occupied on October 28, 1993 – population of 39,500
 
Azeri victims of aggression:
Killed – 20,000
Disabled – 50,000
Missing - 4866
 
Refugees and IDPs:
Refugess from Armenia – 250,000
Internally displaced persons from NK and surrounding regions -  760,000

Saida Mammadova